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推动原材料工业高质量发展 绿色智能是重要方向

2022-09-15 14:43:12来源:化工仪器网 阅读量:10516

导读:根据工业和信息化部原材料工业司公开的信息,2012年至2021年,我国原材料工业增加值由6.9万亿元增加到10.7万亿元,年均增长4.5%,占GDP比重保持在10%。
  原材料,即原料和材料的统称,是用于生产过程起点的产品。其中,原料一般指来自矿业和农业、林业、牧业、渔业的产品,材料则指经过一些加工的原料,其中自然也包括了目前话题度非常高的“新材料”。
 
  而原材料工业,作为工业领域重要的一个类型,涵盖了钢铁工业、有色金属工业、石油化工、化学工业、建材工业等内容,本身也包括了原料的开采、加工,材料的研发、生产等工作。从某种程度上来说,原材料工业,是现代工业在生产线上的一个开始,同时原材料工业的发展情况与发展方向,一定程度上样也决定着生产业的发展与进步。《“十四五”原材料工业发展规划》中提到,“原材料工业是实体经济的根基,是支撑国民经济发展的基础性产业和赢得国际竞争优势的关键领域,是产业基础再造的主力军和工业绿色发展的主战场”,足以见得提高原材料工业发展质量和效益的重要性。
 
  那么我国的原材料工业发展情况如何呢?根据工业和信息化部原材料工业司公开的信息,2012年至2021年,我国原材料工业增加值由6.9万亿元增加到10.7万亿元,年均增长4.5%,占GDP比重保持在10%。并且原材料产业体系完整,10年间发展到了10个大类、34个中类、118个小类,15万余种产品。作为目前发展重心之一的新材料产业产值更是从2012年的约合1万亿元增加到2021年的5.9万亿元。简单地说,我国的原材料工业正处于一个高速发展的态势。
 
  那么是不是说我们的原材料产业已经具备绝对优势了呢?遗憾的是答案是否定的。事实上,受限于技术短板与瓶颈,我国的原材料产业还集中在中低端产品线,如果我们将高端原材料产业单独拿出来,就会发现在高端产品这块依旧存在严重的供给不足。不仅如此,由于原材料产业发展十分依赖环境储备,但是目前资源能源和生态环境之间,存在着碳达峰碳中和的硬任务,加上可持续发展的长期方向,因此原材料工业实际上面临着绿色发展、智能发展、从中低端逐渐转向高端产业发展三个重要的发展目标。
 
  不过我们前文也提过,我国目前在新材料领域其实成果也还是十分可观的,因此整体来说发展的前景还是很可观的。此外,我国近年来一直在支持科研创新板块的投入,原材料作为重要产业自然也不会忽视技术创新的投入。结合到目前的市场热度,以及相关科研产业给研发设备带来的突破,在未来十余年内,实现原材料产品的自主研发、生产、应用,全面提升新材料产业竞争力,是完全有可能的。
 
  但从宏观环境来看,想要继续推动原材料工业向绿色智能发展,还需要强化在产业结构上的投入,鼓励企业、科研机构参与到产品研发的同时,也规范现有原材料市场,避免“假先进”“滥竽充数”的情况出现。
 
  原标题:推动原材料工业高质量发展 绿色智能是重要方向

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